Offshore wind is one of the most important low carbon technologies for the UK, with the potential to play a major role in both meeting our carbon targets and enhancing our energy security. Offshore wind can be rapidly deployed at scale with fewer planning constraints than onshore wind, has a quicker development time than nuclear power and, unlike carbon capture and storage (CCS), has already been proven at scale. However, offshore wind power is currently a relatively high cost source of energy. How much and how quickly it is deployed will depend on how successful innovation is in reducing costs.
The Carbon Trust has carried out one of the most detailed investigations on off-shore wind ever undertaken in the UK to help DECC and other members of the Low Carbon Innovation Coordination Group further understand this technology's potential and what should be done to realise it.
We applied the groundbreaking Technology Innovation Needs Assessment (TINA) analytical framework we have developed to offshore wind - incorporating knowledge across Government and its delivery bodies, numerous experts from industry and academia.
Our analysis identified that:
The Offshore wind TINA has already started to guide public sector innovation support, including DECC and TSB's £15m Offshore Wind Component Technologies Development and Demonstration scheme, and will continue to feed into future decisions.
The TINA findings will be used to underpin the design and focus of DECC's and other LCICG's members' programmes and activities in these technology areas.
The Offshore wind TINA summary report can be found on our Technology Innovation Needs Assessment (TINA) reports page.