Skills development recommendations for the Japanese offshore wind market

This report assesses Japan’s need for action on skills development to meet its large-scale offshore wind deployment ambitions, and it provides recommendations and case studies for decision-makers.

Recommendations report cover


Offshore wind is an important industry that will contribute to Japan achieving carbon neutrality by 2050. The transition to a carbon neutral society requires rapid action by decision-makers to support the upskilling of the workforce in Japan. Japan has ambitious plans to develop its offshore marine industry to reach carbon neutrality, create green jobs, and increase the domestic production of renewable energy. 

The offshore wind market is rapidly growing through attractive policies and a competitive auction scheme. The pipeline of offshore wind projects is expected to create a significant demand for skilled workers in the offshore wind industry. The challenge ahead for decision-makers is to implement adequate skills development initiatives for the workforce.

Publication date: March 2023

Key findings

Below we summarise several key takeaways for decision-makers in Japan.

  • Good collaboration underpins successful skill markets: while skills remain a bottleneck for all offshore wind markets, strong collaboration and communication between government, industry, and education institutions, has led to many effective skills-related measures and actions.
  • Skills plans must be underpinned by a just transition and a whole-systems approach: it is key to engage stakeholders from across different areas to design relevant skills solutions. 
  • Decision-makers must make use of their sphere of influence to ensure skills development activities can build up from local spaces across the whole of Japan. Close collaboration between international, regional, domestic, and local entities is crucial for rapid action. 
  • Skills solutions must understand what problem they are solving: this report identified four critical barriers, which are the country’s general labour shortage, limited industry knowledge, the lack of clarity on the future of offshore wind and decarbonisation in Japan, and work-based cultural barriers.
  • Decision-makers should leverage skills development practices from other industries.

In addition, the report provides five detailed recommendations, which are structured by target audience, timeframe, key actors, barriers addressed, and suggested steps; and supported with international case studies. 

タイトル:  日本の洋上風力産業におけるスキル形成支援のための提言







  • スキル市場の発展には、優れた協働が必要である:世界のいずれの洋上風力市場においてもスキルは依然として課題であるが、政府、産業界、教育・研究施設の緊密な協働により、効果的なスキル関連対策が多く取り組まれている。
  • スキル計画は、公正な移行とホールシステム(全体システム)アプローチに基づいていなければならない:さまざまな分野のステークホルダーを巻き込んでスキル課題解決策を設計することがカギとなる。
  • 意思決定者は影響力を行使し、スキル開発にかかる取り組みを日本全国の現場から促進させなければならない。早急な対応を行うためには、国外、地域、国内、地方の各主体の緊密な連携が重要である。
  • スキル課題解決策には、解決すべき問題が明示されている必要がある:本レポートでは、労働力不足、洋上風力における業界固有の知識や専門性の不足、洋上風力産業と脱炭素化における将来の見通しが明確でないこと、そして労働文化における障壁という、日本における4つの重要な障壁を特定している。
  • 意思決定者は、他の産業のスキル開発アプローチを参考にできる。


日本の洋上風力産業におけるスキル形成支援のための提言 (pdf)


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