We carried out a detailed investigation on innovation to improve energy efficiency and reduce carbon emissions in non-domestic buildings to help the LCICG realise this area's potential.
The work was undertaken for the Low Carbon Innovation Coordination Group (LCICG), which is made up of a range of different bodies including the UK government Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC), the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS), the Carbon Trust, the Energy Technologies Institute (ETI), the Technology Strategy Board (TSB), the Scottish Government, Scottish Enterprise, the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), and other organisations with significant low carbon innovation interests.
The Technology Innovation Needs Assessment (TINA) analytical framework was developed and implemented by the Carbon Trust with contributions from all core LCICG members as well as input from numerous other expert individuals and organisations.
The energy used by non-domestic buildings accounts for approximately 18% of UK carbon emissions, while the buildings themselves are diverse in design and use. Innovation in the non-domestic buildings sector represents a significant opportunity to help meet the UK's GHG emissions targets, as well as providing value through avoided energy costs, amounting to savings of 86MtCO2 and c. £13bn by 2050. Innovation could help create export opportunities that could contribute an estimated £1.7bn to GDP to 2050.
Public sector support will be required to unlock this value, as there are significant market failures across the sector to overcome. Public sector support could provide most value in integrated design, where there are significant potential carbon savings and value from energy costs. There are also significant market failures impeding integrated design innovations, and the UK has a medium-high competitive advantage in the area.
The TINA findings will be used to underpin the design and focus of DECC's and other LCICG's members' programmes and activities in these areas.